Principles of fluid motion and turbulence which have been found to be of use in mixing and agitation problems are discussed, as well as suggested applications in extractive-metallurgy processes. Various types of impellers are described, together with other conditions that affect flow pattern and turbulence. The choice of equipment for particular requirements is considered, and equations for power input are given.
By using mixing intensification involving high solids concentration as a means to achieve process intensification for the mineral process industry is discussed here. Improving agitator energy efficiency is essential for operating at high solids concentrations. It is shown that improved agitator energy efficiency can be achieved by removing baffles and using higher power number impellers at high solids loadings. Power consumption (50–80%) reductions were demonstrated in the experiments. It is also suggested that slurry stratification in tanks can be used to boost either solids residence time or slurry mass flow. Basic equations related to solids residence time and solids throughput are presented for guidance toward minerals process intensification. An example on doubling throughput via intensification is presented.
On the basis of this model, equations were developed for relating volumetric flow rates, hence the mixing rates, to the operating variables. While the theory could be checked directly only to Reynolds numbers of slightly over 600 (owing to limitations of the experimental technique employed in this part of the mixing‐rate studies), the volumetric flow rates could be measured from Reynolds numbers of 36 to 1.7 × 104. The times required for completion of an acid‐base neutralization (terminal mixing) were also measured from Reynolds numbers of 1.6 to 1.8 × 105.
Facilitate transfer of high viscosity slurries, thus allowing to be used more efficiently and effectively.At least in its preferred forms, is to provide a method of, and apparatus for, moving slurries out of reservoirs or equipment such as, but not exclusively, deep thickeners and high efficiency settlers, so that such slurries may be transferred from the equipment in which they are formed or held to destinations where they may be used, treated or discarded. Such movement may be possible when the slurries are very thick, and have paste-like consistency exhibiting shear thinning visco-plastic rheological properties (non-Newtonian fluids).