The consistency meaning in the cement consistency test is how much amount of water is added to the cement. For that test we find the water percentage added to cement. The penetration ranges will come based on the water added to the cement. The consistency test mainly based on how much amount of water we added to cement. For particular amount of adding water what is the strength, workability, penetration etc properties we find. So , "consistency" means how much amount of water added to the cement.