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What is a transistor? how important is transistor in electrical devices?
asked Nov 24, 2015 in Electrical by django (85 points) | 72 views

1 Answer

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hi,

    i will explain something about transistor..

what is transisor?

-> A transistor is a device that regulates current or voltage flow.

-> The transistor is like an electronic switch. It can turn a current on and off.

-> It has three pins: Base (b), collector (c) and emitter (e). 

There are two main types of transistor:

  • bipolar transistors 
  • field effect transistors

The schematic symbol for the NPN looks like this:

consider the following image..

-> If a current flow from base to emitter means it allow large current flow from collector to emitter..

Let’s look at an example:

 

   

-> In the example above you can see how transistors work. A 9V battery connects to an LED and               a resistor. But it connects through the transistor. This means that no current will flow in that part of the     circuit until the transistor turns ON.

-> To turn the transistor ON you need to apply 0.7V from base to emitter of the transistor. Imagine you          have a small 0.7V battery. (In a practical circuit you would use resistors to get the correct voltage            from whatever voltage source you have)

->  When you apply the 0.7V battery from base to emitter, the transistor turns ON. This allows current to      flow from the collector to the emitter. And thereby turning the LED ON!

reference:

    http://www.build-electronic-circuits.com/how-transistors-work/

     thank you,

      gypsii

answered Jan 8, 2016 by gypsiii (353 points)
then how it differs from resistor ?
Transistor differences , usage & current flow ?